Workshop/Bench Drill

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Pillar Drill
Equipment Information
Status Unknown
Manufacturer Axminster
Model AT2001DP
Hackspace Information
Induction Required No
Card RFID Enabled No
Owner Aidan
[More Info]

Our pillar drill is an Axminster AT2001DP, it is on loan from Aidan.

Please do not into drill the table or use a drill with a cutting diameter greater than 13 mm in the keyless chuck.

  • 2MT Taper Spindle, holding a 13 mm keyless chuck.
  • 180-2740 RPM

A manual is available from Axminster.

Clamping work to the table

The table has 16 mm T-slots for securing work. It is recommended that work is held to the table in some manner to prevent damage to the machine, the work piece or yourself. You might find this video from Tormach useful. While it is about milling, the principles are exactly the same.

The vise can be attached to the table using the T-nuts and appropriately sized bolts.

Keyless Chuck

The maximum capacity of the keyless chuck is 13 mm. Do not use a reduced-shank drill with a cutting diameter of greater than 13 mm - this could cause the chuck to over-tighten itself. Use the keyed 2MT chuck from the lathe, or a 2MT taper shank drill if you need to drill a larger hole.

Changing the spindle speed

1 - Butterfly Thumbscrew (One either side); 2 - Tension Handle; 3 - Morse Taper Drift

It is important to change the spindle speed to suit the size of the drill and the material being drilled. There is a belt-speed chart on the inside of the pulley cover, this also has a quick reference for ideal speeds for a variety of different materials.

  • Loosen the two butterfly thumb screws (1) either side of the drill body.
  • Turn the chrome metal handle (2) on the right hand side of the drill body towards you to move the motor towards the drill and loosen the belts.
  • Set the pulleys as appropriate.
  • Push the chrome metal handle (2) away from you to push the motor out and tighten the belts.
  • Tighten the two butterfly thumb screws (1) to hold the motor in place.

Releasing the chuck

Drift slots lined up.

The chuck is released with the Morse Taper Drift, which is held to the side of the drill with magnetic tape.

Removing a chuck or morse taper shank tool

  • Extend the spindle column of the drill press until the drift slot is visible.
  • Rotate the chuck by hand until the inner slot on the spindle lines up the outer slot.
  • Insert the drift into both slots.
  • Gently raise the spindle column, taking care the chuck doesn't fall when it is released.
  • Return the Drift to its magnetic home.
Drift inserted into slot.

Inserting a chuck or morse taper shank tool

  • Place a piece of wood onto the table
  • Clean the spindle taper and the tool taper so that it is grease free
  • Gently insert the tool into the spindle, rotating it so that the tang (if present) will fit into the slot.
  • Gently but firmly press the tool or face of the chuck (with the jaws retracted fully into the body) into the wood on the table. This helps to seat the tapers together.


  • 1) Chips in eyes.
  • 2) Hair or clothing caught in rotating parts.
  • 3) Cutting tool breaking or getting ejected from holder.
  • 4) Sharp objects and chips cutting fingers.
  • 5) Work-piece spins.
  • 6) Objects ejected from chuck.

Persons at risk.

  • Operator.
  • Persons nearby.

Initial assessment of risk.

Hazard identified Severity Probability Risk Factor
Chips in eyes 3 2 6
Hair or clothes caught in chuck 2 2 4
Cutting tool breaking 2 2 4
Cuts from sharp objects 1 3 3
Workpiece spins 3 3 6
Objects ejected from chuck 1 3 3

Control measures.

  • Users will be required to demonstrate competence or receive instruction from competent user.
  • Users will be trained to mount the cutting tools and work pieces safely.
  • Always use a brush to clean away chips and swarf.
  • This drill actually has a well thought out safety guard - please ensure you use it. The drill will not start unless the guard is in place around the chuck area. Releasing pressure periodically whilst drilling will prevent the production of dangerous long, stringy chips.
  • Loose clothing and long hair MUST be tied back. Remove jewelery.
  • You MUST NOT wear gloves, even latex/nitrile ones.
  • Eye protection must be worn.
  • You MUST NOT attempt to stop the spindle by hand.
  • Secure work to the table using clamps or a vise.
  • You MUST NOT attempt to use the drill as a mill - the taper holding the chuck will release and damage you or the machine.
  • The drill bit and work might be hot after drilling - beware of burns.
  • If you are using a keyed chuck, ensure the chuck key is removed before the spindle is started.

Final assessment of risk

Hazard identified Severity Probability Risk Factor
Chips in eyes 3 1 3
Hair or clothes caught in chuck 3 1 3
Cutting tool breaking 2 1 2
Cuts from sharp objects 1 2 2
Workpiece spins 3 1 3
Objects ejected from chuck 1 2 2

Points system

Hazard severity Points Rating Definition
Nil 1 Very minor injury, bruise, graze, no risk of disease.
Slight 2 Minor injury, which would allow the individual to continue work after first aid treatment on site or at a local surgery. The duration of the stoppage or treatment is such that the normal flow of work is not seriously interrupted.
Moderate 3 Temporary disability causing injury or disease capable of keeping an individual off work for three days or more and reportable under RIDDOR
High 4 Causing death, serious injury or permanent disability to an individual.
Very high 5 Causing multiple deaths and widespread destruction eg. fire, building collapse.

Hazard likelihood Points Rating Definition
Remote possibility 1 There is really no risk present. Only under freak conditions could there be any possibility of an accident or illness. All reasonable precautions have been taken - This should be the normal state of the workplace.
Unlikely 2 This incident or illness might occur but the probability is low and the risk minimal.
Possible 3 The accident may occur if additional factors precipitate it, but it is unlikely to happen without them.
Highly likely 4 Will happen more often than not. Additional factors could precipitate an incident but it is still likely to happen without this additional factor.
Inevitable 5 If the work continues as it is, there is almost 100% certainty that an accident will happen, for example:

A broken stair or broken rung on a ladder Bare, exposed electrical conductors Unstable stacks of heavy boxes

Risk Rating Score Definition Action
1 to 4 Low No action required
5 to 9 Moderate Reduce risks if reasonably practicable
10 to 15 High Risk Priority action to be undertaken
16 to 25 Unacceptable Action must be taken IMMEDIATELY